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Useful Acronyms and Abbreviations

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A
ACS Attitude Control System
AGN Active Galactic Nucleus/Nuclei
AKBAR Astrophysical Knowledge Base for Analysis and Reporting
ARF Ancillary Response Function
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiana - Italian Space Agency
ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
AT Automated Target
ATS Absolute Time Sequence; the 5-day timeline uploaded to Swift.
B
BA Burst Advocate
BAT Burst Alert Telescope
BATSE Burst And Transient Source Experiment
BeppoSAX See SAX. "Beppo" in honour of Giuseppe Occhialini
C
CALDB Calibration DataBase
CCD Charge Coupled Device
CGRO Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory
Co-I Co-Investigator
CZT or CdZnTe Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride
D
Dec Declination
DEM Digital Electronics Module
DPU Digital Processing Unit
DTS Data Transfer System
E
EMI/EMC ElectroMagnetic Interference/ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
ESA European Space Agency
EST Eastern Standard Time
ESTEC European Space and Technology Centre
F
FAQs Frequently Asked Questions
FITS Flexible Image Transport System
FoM Figure of Merit
FOT Flight Operations Team
FoV Field of View
FPCA Focal Plane Camera Assembly
FT Faulkes Telescope
FWHM Full-Width at Half-Maximum
G
GCN Gamma-ray burst Coordinates Network
GI Guest Investigator
GIF Graphics Interchange Format
GRB Gamma-Ray Burst
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
H
HEASARC High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center
HETE High-Energy Transient Explorer
HST Hubble Space Telescope
I
ICU Instrument Control Unit
IDS Instrument Duty Specialist
Integral INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory
IPN Inter-Planetary Network
IRAF Image Reduction and Analysis Facility
ISAC Italian Swift Archive Centre
ISAS Institute of Space and Astronautical Science
J
J Joule (unit of energy; 1J = 107erg)
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
K
KSC Kennedy Space Center
L
LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory
LEDAS LEicester Database and Archive Service
LEO or L&EO Launch and Early Orbit
LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory
LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
LT Liverpool Telescope
LU University of Leicester
M
MCP Micro-Channel Plate
MIC MCP Intensified CCD
MOC Mission Operations Centre (at PSU)
MPE Max-Planck Institut für extraterrestrische Physik
MSSL Mullard Space Science Laboratory
N
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NFI Narrow-Field Instruments
NSC National Space Centre (in Leicester)
O
OBIF Optical Bench Interface Flange
ODE Observatory Duty Engineer
ODFs Observation Data Files
ODS Observatory Duty Scientist
OGIP Office of Guest Investigator Programs
OM Optical Monitor (on-board XMM)
P
PDMP Project Data Management Plan
PI Principal Investigator
PIMMS Portable Interactive Multi-Mission Simulator
PNG Portable Network Graphic
PPST Pre-Planned Science Timeline
PSU or Penn State Pennsylvania State University
Q
QE Quantum Efficiency
R
RA Right Ascension
RMF Response Matrix File
RXTE Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer
S
SAA South Atlantic Anomaly
SAAO South Atfrican Astronomical Observatory
SAX Satellite per Astronomia X
SCDE Space-Craft Duty Engineer
SDC Swift Data Centre (at GSFC)
SERS Spacecraft Emergency Response System
SOT Science Operations Team
SSC Swift Science Centre
SWRI South West Research Institute
T
TAM Telescope Alignment Monitor
tdRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
TLE Two Line Ephemeris
TOO or ToO Target of Opportunity
U
UKSSDC United Kingdom Swift Science Data Centre
USN Universal Space Network
UTC Universal Time Coordinate
UV Ultra-Violet
UVOT UV and Optical Telescope
W
WASP Wide Area Sky Patrol / Wide Area Search for Planets
WCS World Coordinate System
WFC Wide-Field Camera
X
XBSS XRT Burst Support Scientist
XDS XRT Duty Specialist
XMM or XMM-Newton X-ray Multi-Mirror mission. "Newton" in honour of Sir Isaac Newton
XRT X-Ray Telescope
Z
ZP Zero Point